Tuesday, November 22, 2005

Abstract of the Day: Donepezil (Aricept) and Alzheimer Disease

Csernansky JG, Wang L, Miller JP, Galvin JE, & Morris JC. Neuroanatomical predictors of response to donepezil therapy in patients with dementia. Archives of Neurology. 2005 Nov; 62(11): 1718-1722.

Alzheimer's Disease Research Center, and Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA.

BACKGROUND: Patients with dementia of the Alzheimer type (DAT) respond variably to treatment with acetylcholinesterase inhibitors. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether measures of hippocampal volume and shape predict the response to donepezil in patients with DAT. DESIGN: T1-weighted, magnetic resonance images were obtained from patients with DAT, who subsequently underwent treatment with donepezil. Brain-mapping algorithms were used to quantify hippocampal volume and shape, and growth curves were used to estimate clinical outcome. SETTING: A referral outpatient center specializing in treatment of dementia. PATIENTS: Thirty-seven patients with very mild or mild DAT received donepezil therapy for up to 4 weeks before magnetic resonance imaging and for 24 to 96 weeks after magnetic resonance imaging. INTERVENTION: Donepezil, 10 mg/d. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Rate of change in the cognitive portion of the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale total scores. RESULTS: Smaller hippocampal volume and inward variation of the lateral and inferomedial portions of the hippocampal surface were correlated with a poorer response to donepezil therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Measures of hippocampal volume and surface variation can be used to predict the response of patients with DAT to the acetylcholinesterase inhibitor donepezil.

PMID: 16286546 [PubMed - in process]
Anthony H. Risser
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